Abstract collage of science-related imagery

Grand Challenges in Integrative Geospace Sciences: Advancing National Space Weather Expertise and Research toward Societal Resilience (ANSWERS)

Status: Archived

Important information for proposers

All proposals must be submitted in accordance with the requirements specified in this funding opportunity and in the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures Guide (PAPPG) that is in effect for the relevant due date to which the proposal is being submitted. It is the responsibility of the proposer to ensure that the proposal meets these requirements. Submitting a proposal prior to a specified deadline does not negate this requirement.

This funding opportunity is no longer current and has been archived.


The Advancing National Space Weather Expertise and Research toward Societal resilience (ANSWERS) solicitation has the goal to bring together collaborative teams of solar and geospace observers, theorists, modelers, experimenters, educators and computational experts to address some of the most challenging problems in solar and space physics and space weather.  The purview of this new holistic solicitation goes beyond the scope of each of the long-standing programs in the Geospace Section (GS) of the NSF Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Science (AGS): Aeronomy (AER), Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions (CEDAR), Geospace Environment Modeling (GEM), Magnetospheric Physics (MAG), Solar Terrestrial Research (STR), and Solar, Heliospheric, and INterplanetary Environment  (SHINE).  ANSWERS enables deep and transformative understanding of the dynamic, integrated Sun-Earth system and the solar and terrestrial drivers of space weather and their effects “from Sun to mud.”  In combination with forward-looking educational endeavors, ANSWERS also aims to advance the nation’s science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) expertise and build societal resilience against space weather hazards.

Program contacts

Mangala Sharma
Program Director, Space Weather Research
IntegrativeGeospace@nsf.gov (703) 292-8519 GEO/AGS
Zhuangren (Alan) Liu
Program Director, Aeronomy/CEDAR
IntegrativeGeospace@nsf.gov (703) 292-8519 GEO/AGS
Ilia I. Roussev
Program Director, Solar Terrestrial research/SHINE
IntegrativeGeospace@nsf.gov (703) 292-8519
Lisa M. Winter
Program Director, Magnetospheric Physics/GEM
IntegrativeGeospace@nsf.gov (703) 292-8519 GEO/AGS

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