For decades, the U.S. National Science Foundation has invested in fundamental research to understand and predict natural hazards and promote resilience.
Each year, extreme events — such as storms, wildfires, floods, heat waves, earthquakes and landslides — claim lives, devastate communities and strain social systems ranging from healthcare to food supplies.
While threats from natural disasters and other hazards cannot be eliminated, research can reduce vulnerabilities and increase community resilience.
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NSF–funded research has helped improve the capabilities of the national radar network, which produces weather forecasting and provides advanced warning of impending storms.
NSF is a part of the Global Seismographic Network, state-of-the-art sensors that extend across the globe and even to the oceans' depths — serving as an early-warning system for earthquakes and tsunamis.
Building standards for fires
Research funded by NSF and the National Institute of Standards and Technology led to the development of new drapery and construction standards that help save lives during fires.
Forecasting volcanic eruptions
NSF funded the development of Earth- and space-based technologies that help forecast and detect volcanic eruptions.
What we support
We support research that yields insights into natural hazards — such as hurricanes, floods, wildfires, earthquakes, coastal erosion, severe thunderstorms and tornadoes, volcanoes, emerging epidemics, and disruption of the power grid by space weather — and methods to reduce their harmful impacts.
We support the development of state-of-the-art facilities and testbeds across the U.S. to expand knowledge of natural hazards and test new technologies for resilience.
Education and workforce development
We support the creation of a diverse workforce ready to design, implement and manage innovative solutions to natural disasters, hazards and climate change.
Partnerships to accelerate progress
We partner with other federal agencies, industry and nonprofits to share data, tools, expertise and other resources; strengthen workforce development; and translate research into products and services that benefit society.
Supports planning projects that bring together researchers, engineers, educators and practitioners from academia, industry, government and/or nonprofits to advance wildland fire research.
Supports research on combustion and fire prediction and mitigation. Priority areas include basic combustion science, combustion science related to clean energy, wildland fire prediction and prevention, and turbulence-chemistry interactions.
Supports fundamental research in infrastructure materials and architectural, geotechnical and structural engineering. Focus areas include geomaterials and geostructures, structural materials, structural and non-structural systems, and building envelopes.
Supports fundamental research on the interactions between humans and the built environment within and among communities exposed to natural disasters, pandemics and other hazards.
Supports the creation of an industry-university research partnership focused on modeling catastrophic impacts and risk assessment of climate change, targeting the needs of the financial and insurance sectors of the economy.
Supports research seeking to significantly advance understanding of global supply chains and their ability to reliably and equitably to deliver goods and products under a wide variety of operating conditions, including disruptions and emerging threats.
Supports research that incorporates scientific insights about human behavior and social dynamics to better design, develop, rehabilitate and maintain strong and effective American infrastructure.