Our Focus Areas

Arctic and Antarctic

Exploring the planet's vulnerable polar regions.

Astronomy and Space

Opening windows to the universe.


Understanding life in all its forms and sustaining the Earth's ecosystems as they face unprecedented global challenges.


Understanding the basic properties of matter and forging the chemicals of the future.


Advancing computer and information science and engineering for societal impact.

Diversity in STEM

Expanding opportunities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics across the nation.

Earth and Environment

Exploring the wonders of our planet to preserve its future.

Education and Training

Unleashing the nation's science and engineering talent.


Pursuing use-inspired research and innovation to create a future where people can thrive.

Facilities and Infrastructure

Empowering scientists, engineers and educators to explore, experiment and discover new frontiers.

Materials Research

Discovering new materials and processing methods that can unlock innovations across a wide range of sectors.


Developing and exploring the language of the universe.

People and Society

Illuminating what makes us human.


Understanding the fundamental workings of the universe — from tiny quantum particles to the largest galaxies.

Research Partnerships

Addressing challenges that require collaboration and fresh perspectives.

Interdisciplinary, Convergence and Transformative Research

Research approaches that address societal problems and create new frontiers in science and engineering.