Arctic and Antarctic Exploring the planet's vulnerable polar regions. Astronomy and Space Opening windows to the universe. Biology Understanding life in all its forms and sustaining the Earth's ecosystems as they face unprecedented global challenges. Chemistry and Materials Understanding the basic properties of matter and forging the chemicals and materials of the future. Computing Advancing computer and information science and engineering for societal impact. Diversity in STEM Expanding opportunities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics across the nation. Earth and Environment Exploring the wonders of our planet to preserve its future. Education and Training Unleashing the nation's science and engineering talent. Engineering Pursuing use-inspired research and innovation to create a future where people can thrive. Facilities and Infrastructure Empowering scientists, engineers and educators to explore, experiment and discover new frontiers. Mathematics Developing and exploring the language of the universe. People and Society Illuminating what makes us human. Physics Understanding the fundamental workings of the universe — from tiny quantum particles to the largest galaxies. Research Partnerships Addressing challenges that require collaboration and fresh perspectives. Technology Paving the way for the technologies that will shape the future.