Jetstream2, the next generation of cloud computing

Cyberinfrastructure and Advanced Computing

Since the 1960s, the U.S. National Science Foundation has invested in powerful computing capabilities that drive innovation across the nation.

NSF-funded cyberinfrastructure — the hardware, software, networks, data and people that underpin today's advanced computing technology — has enabled transformative scientific discoveries. This infrastructure helps researchers decipher genomes, map new regions of the Arctic, detect signs of dark matter and understand the inner workings of the human brain. 

To maintain its competitive edge and security, the U.S. must continue to pioneer computer systems, from advanced memory and new semiconducting materials to quantum computers. These advancements will unlock new opportunities for the future, like intelligent transportation systems, personalized health care and human-like virtual assistants.

Brought to you by NSF

NSF's decades of sustained investments have ensured the continual advance of computing technology and infrastructure. Trailblazing work supported by NSF includes:

The internet

Drawing on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's support for early computer networking projects and the development of internet protocols, NSF funding catalyzed the creation of the commercial internet of today.

Data compression

NSF funding played a critical role in the development of data compression algorithms used in cloud storage, digital streaming, hard drives and other technologies.


Since the 1980s, NSF has funded some of the most powerful supercomputers in the world, including Frontera and Delta, and made these resources widely available to the research community.

Digital search engines

NSF-funded research led to the creation of new ways to search the internet using a page-ranking system, a central component in Google's search engine.


NSF funded the research behind Logo, the first programming language designed specifically for kids.

What we support

Fundamental and translational research

We support research that expands cyberinfrastructure capabilities through seamless integration of advanced hardware, software, networking and data resources.

Access to cyberinfrastructure

We support the development, acquisition and provision of state-of-the-art cyberinfrastructure resources, tools and services essential to science and engineering.

Education and workforce development

We invest in education and training to foster a nationwide research and development ecosystem for cyberinfrastructure and to nurture a diverse, skilled cyber workforce.

Partnerships to accelerate progress

We partner with other federal agencies, industry and nonprofits to share data, tools, expertise and other resources; strengthen workforce development; and translate research into products and services that benefit society.

A dark hallway flanked by glowing walls of computers

NSF-wide infrastructure programs

Major Research Instrumentation Program: Supports requests for up to $4 million from NSF for the development or acquisition of multi-user research instruments that are critical to the advancement of science and engineering.

Mid-scale Research Infrastructure-1: Supports the design and implementation of research infrastructure — including equipment, cyberinfrastructure, large-scale datasets and personnel — whose total project costs exceed NSF's Major Research Instrumentation program but are under $20 million.

Mid-scale Research Infrastructure-2: Supports the implementation of research infrastructure — including equipment, cyberinfrastructure, large-scale datasets and personnel — whose total project costs fall between $20 million and $100 million.

Computer and Information Science and Engineering: Core Programs

Supports research and education projects across computing, communications, information science and engineering, and advanced cyberinfrastructure.

America's Seed Fund (SBIR/STTR)

Supports startups and small businesses to translate research into products and services, including cloud and edge computing, for the public good.

Advanced Computing Systems and Services

Supports organizations that will provide equitable access to advanced cyberinfrastructure resources in production operations, supporting data-intensive computational research.

Campus Cyberinfrastructure

Supports coordinated campus-level networking and cyberinfrastructure improvements for science applications and distributed research projects.

Community Infrastructure for Research in Computer and Information Science and Engineering

Supports the development of new CISE research infrastructure, including the accompanying user services and engagement needed to nurture a robust research community around that infrastructure.

Cyberinfrastructure for Sustained Scientific Innovation

Supports interdisciplinary efforts to successfully integrate the development, deployment and support of cyberinfrastructure services with innovation and research.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Supports research on engineered systems with a seamless integration of cyber and physical components, such as computation, control, networking, learning, autonomy, security, privacy and verification, for a range of application domains.

Experiential Learning for Emerging and Novel Technologies

Supports inclusive experiential learning opportunities that provide cohorts of diverse learners with the skills needed to succeed in advanced computing, cyberinfrastructure and other emerging technology fields.

Strengthening the Cyberinfrastructure Professionals Ecosystem

Supports projects that deepen the integration of cyberinfrastructure professionals' services into research, while fostering education, training and recognition that address workforce development needs.

Cyberinfrastructure resources

Additional resources