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Cyberinfrastructure and Cybersecurity

For decades, the U.S. National Science Foundation has invested in the technological building blocks of today's hyper-connected, digital world.

Cyberinfrastructure — the hardware, software, networks, data and people that underpin today's advanced information technology — offers unprecedented opportunities for economic growth and powers scientific discoveries every day.

Cybersecurity is critical for safeguarding the nation's digital infrastructure, keeping supply chains moving, and ensuring the safety and privacy of personal data on the internet.

Brought to you by NSF

NSF's decades of sustained investments have ensured the continual advance of cyber research and security. Pioneering work supported by NSF includes:

The internet

Drawing on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's pioneering support for early computer networking projects and the development of internet protocols, NSF funds catalyzed the creation of the commercial internet that we know today.

Public-key cryptography

NSF-funded researchers led a paradigm shift in secret and secure communication with public-key cryptography, ensuring secure communications in financial and medical industries.


Since the 1980s, NSF has funded some of the most powerful supercomputers in the world, including Frontera and Delta.


NSF funded the research behind Logo, the first programming language designed specifically for kids.

Privacy-preserving techniques

NSF funded the research on federated learning, differential privacy, secure multi-party computation and related techniques that allow datasets to be shared while protecting individual privacy.

What we support

Fundamental and translational research

We support research that expands cyberinfrastructure capabilities through seamless integration of advanced hardware, software, networking and data resources.

Access to cyberinfrastructure

We support the development, acquisition and provision of state-of-the-art cyberinfrastructure resources, tools and services essential to science and engineering.

Cybersecurity research

We support research on the computational and social factors that impact the security and privacy of online systems, and how to translate that knowledge to the market and society.

Education and workforce development

We support educational programs that expand and nurture a diverse, skilled cyber workforce.

Partnerships to accelerate progress

We partner with other federal agencies, industry and nonprofits to share data, tools, expertise and other resources; strengthen workforce development; and translate research into products and services that benefit society.

Computer and Information Science and Engineering: Core Programs

Supports research and education that advances cyberinfrastructure and cybersecurity.

America's Seed Fund (SBIR/STTR)

Supports startups and small businesses to translate research into products and services, including cybersecurity and authentication, for the public good.

Campus Cyberinfrastructure

Supports coordinated campus-level networking and cyberinfrastructure improvements for science applications and distributed research projects.

CyberCorps® Scholarship for Service

Supports scholarships in cybersecurity that require a service obligation following graduation equivalent to the length of the scholarship.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Supports research on engineered systems with a seamless integration of cyber and physical components, such as computation, control, networking, learning, autonomy, security, privacy and verification, for a range of application domains.

Cybersecurity Innovation for Cyberinfrastructure

Supports research on securing scientific data, workflows and infrastructure in three focus areas: usable and collaborative security for science; reference scientific security datasets; and transition to cyberinfrastructure resilience.

Experiential Learning for Emerging and Novel Technologies

Supports inclusive experiential learning opportunities that provide cohorts of diverse learners with the skills needed to succeed in cyberinfrastructure, cybersecurity and other emerging technology fields.

Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace

Supports research addressing cybersecurity and privacy, drawing on expertise in one or more of these areas: computing, communication and information sciences; education; mathematics; statistics; and social and behavioral sciences.

Strengthening the Cyberinfrastructure Professionals Ecosystem

Supports projects that deepen the integration of cyberinfrastructure professionals’ services into research, while fostering education, training and recognition that address workforce development needs.

Additional resources