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Paleo Perspectives on Present and Projected Climate (P4CLIMATE)

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Important Information for Proposers

Any proposal submitted in response to this funding opportunity should be submitted in accordance with the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures Guide (PAPPG) that is in effect for the relevant due date to which the proposal is being submitted. The NSF PAPPG is regularly revised and it is the responsibility of the proposer to ensure that the proposal meets the requirements specified in this solicitation and the applicable version of the PAPPG. Submitting a proposal prior to a specified deadline does not negate this requirement.


Much can be learned about the climate system using existing historical observations and models of current climate, but those records and models do not reflect the range of climate behavior on multi-decadal to millennial time scales, or capture tipping points, thresholds, and other key features of the climate system. For that, data from geological records or other environmental archives are required.

The PALEO PERSPECTIVES ON PRESENT AND PROJECTED CLIMATE (P4CLIMATE) competition is a coordinated paleoclimate science initiative that is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Divisions of Atmospheric and GeoSpace Sciences (AGS), Earth Sciences (EAR), Ocean Sciences (OCE), and Office of Polar Programs (OPP) in the Geosciences (GEO) Directorate. The annual P4CLIMATE competition supports the scientific objectives of the National Science Foundation by fostering interdisciplinary research and synthesis of climate data.

The goal of the interdisciplinary P4CLIMATE solicitation is to utilize observational and modeling studies to provide paleo perspectives addressing the two research themes: 1) Past Regional and Seasonal Climate; and 2) Past Climate Forcing, Sensitivity, and Feedbacks. 

OPP will accept proposals to this solicitation A) with and without fieldwork in the Arctic, and B) only without fieldwork in the Antarctic.  Proposals that have fieldwork in Antarctica should be submitted to the annual solicitation for proposals that have fieldwork in Antarctica.

Program contacts

David J. Verardo
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-4695 GEO/AGS
Soumaya Belmecheri
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-8527 GEO/AGS
Jonathan G. Wynn
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-4725 GEO/EAR
Douglas E. Kowalewski
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-2181 GEO/EAR
Daniel C. McCorkle
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-4543 GEO/OCE
Paul M. Cutler
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-4961 GEO/OPP
Olivia Lee
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-2611
Rainer Amon
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-7979 GEO/OPP
Joseph Carlin
p4climate@nsf.gov (703) 292-8562 GEO/OCE

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