NSF's Graduate Research Fellowship Program: Launching science and engineering careers since 1952

The Graduate Research Fellowship Program is one of the U.S. National Science Foundation’s oldest programs, launched in 1952. In fact, the first GRFP awards predate NSF’s first awards for research grants. Today, it is one of NSF’s most well-known programs. GRFP recruits high-potential, early-career scientists and engineers and supports their graduate research training in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and STEM education fields. Each year, the program receives nearly 14,000 applications, and it awards about 2,000 fellowships.  

A hallmark of GRFP is its contribution to increasing the diversity of the STEM workforce, including geographic distribution as well as the participation of women, underrepresented minorities, persons with disabilities and veterans. The thousands of fellows are leaders in their chosen careers, having made transformative breakthroughs in science and engineering, and some have been honored as Nobel laureates and National Academies members. Here are just four of them:

By Vincent Tedjasaputra, PhD

Jessica Watkins is smiling while wearing a blue NASA flight suit in front of an American flag
Photo Credit: NASA

Jessica Watkins, Ph.D. – 2012 Graduate Research Fellow

Jessica Watkins, a member of the 2017 class of NASA astronauts, was awarded a fellowship in geosciences in 2012 and earned her doctorate in geology from the University of California, Los Angeles. Her fellowship supported research on the mechanics of large landslides on Earth and Mars, research that combined fieldwork with analysis of satellite imagery collected by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. She is currently awaiting a flight assignment from NASA, which could include a future mission to Mars to continue her fieldwork.


Katie Bouman smiles at the camera in front of an unfocused background
Photo Credit: Katie Bouman

Katie Bouman, Ph.D. - 2011 Graduate Research Fellow

Katie Bouman is a professor in computing and mathematical sciences at Caltech. As a postdoctoral fellow with the Event Horizon Telescope, she led one of the teams that developed the algorithm used to produce the first image of a black hole in April 2019. In congressional testimony, Bouman credited the GRFP  with the support she needed as a computer scientist to “take a risk” to work in the field of astrophysics. Bouman was awarded a fellowship in 2011 in engineering-systems engineering and earned her doctorate in electrical engineering and computer science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2017.  


Wayne Westerman smiles while holding an award
Photo Credit: University of Delaware

Wayne Westerman, Ph.D. – 1995 Graduate Research Fellow

Wayne Westerman is a senior engineer of multi-touch gestures and algorithms at Apple Inc.  As a fellow, Westerman, along with University of Delaware electrical and computer engineering professor John Elias, invented the iGesture Pad to help people with hand disabilities use a computer without a keyboard. The two inventors then founded FingerWorks, which created some of the world’s first tablet computers with multi-touch screen technology. Apple acquired FingerWorks in 2005 and used the technology to power its iPhone touchscreen.


Steven Chu smiles while standing at a podium with a Department of Energy seal
Photo Credit: Department of Energy

Steven Chu, Ph.D. – 1970 Graduate Research Fellow

Steven Chu served as the U.S. Secretary of Energy from 2009-2013 and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997. He was awarded a fellowship in 1970 in theoretical physics and earned his doctorate in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1976. His Nobel Prize was awarded for his work on laser cooling, a technique that uses lasers to slow and trap atoms and other particles. The technique has many applications in science, engineering, medicine and industry. Chu is a professor of physics and of molecular and cellular physiology at Stanford and an advocate for increased use of renewable energy to combat climate change.


To learn more about the Graduate Research Fellowship Program, visit the program’s website


About the Author

A man in a suit and tie and glasses is smiling
Vincent Tedjasaputra, PhD
AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellow

Vincent Tedjasaputra, PhD is an AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellow at NSF in the Office of the Director, Office of Legislative and Public Affairs. He is a science communicator and public speaking coach. Prior to coming to NSF, Dr. Tedjasaputra studied healthy aging of the lung in his Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. He is a former collegiate track athlete-turned exercise physiologist, earning his Ph.D. in Physical Education and Recreation at the University of Alberta, in Edmonton, Canada, where he studied the pulmonary vascular response to exercise in health and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Outside of science, Vince is a professional vocalist, having sung the Canadian national anthem for collegiate and professional sporting events and performs classically as a lyrical baritone internationally.